Websites that discriminate against homosexuals
These policies are particularly difficult for transgender students, who are typically treated as their sex assigned at birth rather than their gender identity.
The following year, Congress passed the Anti-Bullying Law of 2013, with implementing rules and regulations that enumerate sexual orientation and gender identity as prohibited grounds for bullying and harassment.
Schools impose rigid gender norms on students in a variety of ways—for example, through gendered uniforms or dress codes, restrictions on hair length, gendered restrooms, classes and activities that differ for boys and girls, and close scrutiny of same-sex friendships and relationships.
For example, Marisol D., a 21-year-old transgender woman, said: When I was in high school, there was a teacher who always went around and if you had long hair, she would call you up to the front of the class and cut your hair in front of the students. It made me feel terrible: I cried because I saw my classmates watching me getting my hair cut.
The incidents described in this report illustrate the vital importance of expanding and enforcing protections for LGBT youth in schools.
Despite prohibitions on bullying, for example, students across the Philippines described patterns of bullying and mistreatment that went unchecked by school staff.
This report is based on interviews and group discussions conducted in 10 cities on the major Philippine islands of Luzon and the Visayas with 76 secondary school students or recent graduates who identified as LGBT or questioning, 22 students or recent graduates who did not identify as LGBT or questioning, and 46 parents, teachers, counselors, administrators, service providers, and experts on education.