Orthodoxy and dating
The basic tenets, drawn from ancient sources like the Talmud as well as later sages, include the attributes of God in Judaism: one and indivisible, preceding all creation which He alone brought into being, eternal, omniscient, omnipotent, absolutely incorporeal, and beyond human reason.Maimonides delineated this understanding of a monotheistic, personal God in six articles concerning His status as the sole Creator, His oneness, His impalpability, that He is first and last, that God alone may be worshiped, and no other being, and that He is omniscient.Orthodox Judaism is the approach to religious Judaism which subscribes to a tradition of mass revelation, and adheres to the interpretation and application of the laws and ethics of the Torah, as legislated in the Talmudic texts by the Tannaim and Amoraim.
Notable examples are the Hegelian-Kabbalistic theology of Abraham Isaac Kook, who viewed history as progressing toward a Messianic redemption in a dialectic fashion which required the strengthening of heretical forces, or the existentialist thought of Joseph B.
More specific doctrines refer to the times of Godly salvation and afterlife – in Judaism, Olam ha Ba, The World to Come.
These include belief in divine reward for those who observe the Lord's commandments and likewise, punishment meted unto the transgressors.
As of 2001, Orthodox Jews and Jews affiliated with an Orthodox synagogue accounted for approximately 50% of British Jews (150,000), 27% of Israeli Jews (1,500,000), Orthodoxy is not one single movement or school of thought.
There is no single rabbinical body to which all rabbis are expected to belong, or any one organization representing member congregations.
Others dismissed this view entirely, citing the many debates in ancient rabbinic sources which castigated various heresies without any reference to observance.