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From the time of Ezra and even before, there were priests (Deut.-26) and later scribes called sopherim who were given the responsibility to copy and meticulously care for the sacred text so they could hand down the correct reading.The fact of the inspiration of the Bible as God’s special revelation to man naturally leads to the question (since many other religious books were written during both the Old and New Testament periods) what particular books are canonical, that is, what books are inspired and should be recognized as a part of God’s authoritative revelation? Are any books included that should not be in our Bible?Is our Old Testament Bible the same as the Lord’s and is our New Testament the same as the Bible of the church fathers?These are obviously vital questions for the people of God to determine.The word canon is used to describe those books recognized as inspired of God.The evidence declares that “all Scripture is God breathed and profitable …” (2 Tim.
In the course of time, the terms canon and canonical came to be applied to the catalogue or list of sacred books distinguished and honored as belonging to God’s inspired Word. It is important to note that religious councils at no time had any power to cause books to be inspired, rather they simply recognized that which God had inspired at the exact moment the books were written.
Roman Catholics have a total of eighty books because they recognize the Apocrypha as semicanonical.
That God would provide and preserve a Canon of Scripture without addition or deletion is not only necessary, but it is logically credible.
In this we see something of the painstaking procedures the Jews went through to assure the accurate transmission of the text. Until the sensational discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947 we did not possess copies of the Old Testament earlier than A. Indeed, the Masoretes (traditionalists) who between A. The church fathers accepted the thirty-nine books of the Old Testament. However, he did acknowledge that they were not fully authoritative. This declared it was therefore God’s authoritative Word.
Our English Bible is a translation of this Hebrew text which has been handed down to us. 10:1-3; 11:7), they have guarded its transmission with great accuracy. D 600 and 950 added accents and vowel points and in general standardized the Hebrew text, devised complicated safeguards for the making of copies (as described above) … 90), was a teaching house of rabbis who discussed canonicity. The books of the Apocrypha were not officially recognized as part of the canon until the Council of Trent (A. Christ’s statement in Matthew about the blood (murder) of Abel to the blood of Zechariah clearly defined what Jesus viewed as the Old Testament canon.
Jews and conservative Christians alike have recognized the thirty-nine books of the Old Testament as inspired.